Analyses of Leishmania-LRV Co-Phylogenetic Patterns and Evolutionary Variability of Viral Proteins

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Publikace nespadá pod Ústav výpočetní techniky, ale pod Středoevropský technologický institut. Oficiální stránka publikace je na webu muni.cz.

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KOSTYGOV A.Y. GRYBCHUK Danyil KLESCHENKO Y. CHISTYAKOV D.S. LUKASHEV A.N. GERASIMOV E.S. YURCHENKO V.

Rok publikování 2021
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Viruses-Basel
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Středoevropský technologický institut

Citace
www https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/13/11/2305
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v13112305
Klíčová slova Leishmaniavirus; coevolution; phylogenomics
Popis Leishmania spp. are important pathogens causing a vector-borne disease with a broad range of clinical manifestations from self-healing ulcers to the life-threatening visceral forms. Presence of Leishmania RNA virus (LRV) confers survival advantage to these parasites by suppressing anti-leishmanial immunity in the vertebrate host. The two viral species, LRV1 and LRV2 infect species of the subgenera Viannia and Leishmania, respectively. In this work we investigated co-phylogenetic patterns of leishmaniae and their viruses on a small scale (LRV2 in L. major) and demonstrated their predominant coevolution, occasionally broken by intraspecific host switches. Our analysis of the two viral genes, encoding the capsid and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RDRP), revealed them to be under the pressure of purifying selection, which was considerably stronger for the former gene across the whole tree. The selective pressure also differs between the LRV clades and correlates with the frequency of interspecific host switches. In addition, using experimental (capsid) and predicted (RDRP) models we demonstrated that the evolutionary variability across the structure is strikingly different in these two viral proteins.
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