Association of Picky Eating with Weight and Height-The European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ELSPAC-CZ)

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Authors

GRULICHOVÁ Markéta KURUCZOVÁ Daniela ŠVANCARA Jan PIKHART Hynek DOBROVOLNÁ Julie

Year of publication 2022
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Nutrients
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/14/3/444
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu14030444
Keywords picky eating; ELSPAC cohort; cohort study; Czech Republic
Attached files
Description Objective: This study aimed to evaluate whether preschool children identified as picky eaters showed differences in anthropometric characteristics (weight and height) from their non-picky peers at 15 years of age. Design: This study was performed among the cohort members of the EL- SPAC-CZ study, a longitudinal study of pregnancy and childhood. The analysis included 2068 children (997 girls and 1071 boys) followed between births and 15 years of age. Picky eaters were identified at 1.5, 3, and 5 years of age. Anthropometric characteristics were measured at 15 years of age (15 years). Results: Picky eaters (n = 346; 16.7%) had a lower weight and height than non-picky eaters (n = 1722; 83.3%) at 15 years. This difference in weight and height was maintained after controlling for sex of the child, birth weight, birth length, maternal education, family structure at 15 years, and maternal age at childbirth. The picky children were on average 2.3 kg lighter and 0.8 cm shorter than non- picky children at 15 years. Conclusions: Persistent picky eating in preschool children is related to lower weight and height at 15 years of age in ELSPAC-CZ study.
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