Anarcha-Indigenism in Canada: Colonial Gender Violence and Environmental Exploitation

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Authors

KRÁSNÁ Denisa

Year of publication 2022
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Description This paper introduces the theoretical and practical framework of anarcha-Indigenism—an intersection between Indigeneity, anarchism, environmentalism, Indigenous feminism, critical animal studies, and other liberation movements. Anarcha-Indigenism addresses mutual dependencies that exist between the state, capitalism, colonialism, ecological destruction, white supremacy, and patriarchy, and is rooted in the Indigenous concept of interconnectedness of all things in the world and respect for the natural environment. It is grounded in an intersectional analysis and combines critical ideas of post-colonial and postimperial non-hierarchical futures that are free of ecological destruction and based on environmental justice. Anarcha-Indigenism concurrently addresses colonial gender violence and environmental exploitation as it sees the two as interconnected. Exploitation of Native lands is directly linked to sexual abuse of Indigenous women which shows that Indigenous problems of colonial nature need to be addressed together with gender violence. Resource extraction industries are responsible for and perpetuate sexual violence and exploitation of Indigenous women and girls in many communities as the increase in oil production in close proximity to tribal communities leads to a rapid rise in crimes and violence against Indigenous women and children who live in the region. Furthermore, environmental contamination sustained by colonialism and capitalism has severe impacts on the overall health and reproductive freedoms of Indigenous communities. Indigenous feminists also show that patriarchy has been normalized in North America together with speciecism and anthropocentrism that enable environmental destruction. Anarcha-Indigenism deconstructs the human/animal divide and as such, it traces the root causes of the mindset that enables environmental destruction.
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