Local perceptions on the state of the pelagic fisheries and fisheries management in Uvira, Lake Tanganyika, DR Congo

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Authors

DE KEYZER Els L. R. MULUNGULA Pascal Masilya LUFUNGULA Georges Alunga MANALA Christian Amisi MUNIALI Armand Andema CIBUHIRA Prosper Bashengezi BISHOBIBIRI Alexis Bashonga RAFIKI Abel Bashonga LWIKITCHA Beni Hyangya HUGE Jean ITULAMYA Christian HUYGHE Charlotte E. T. KITUNGANO Christian Itulamya DE BISTHOVEN Luc Janssens BOMBI Josue Kakogozo SABITI Sandrine Kamakune KATAGATA Innocent Kiriza ASSANI Dialloh Kwibe DUNIA Papi Lubunga KAPEPULA Vercus Lumami LWACHA Fazili LUTETE Jacques Mazambi MUHEMURA Francoise Shema MILEC Leona J. M. KAMALEBO Heritier Milenge N'SIBULA Theophile Mulimbwa MULEGA Archimede Mushagalusa BUKINGA Fidel Muterezi RISASI Donatien Muzumani BANAMWEZI Dieudonne Mwenyemali N'DJUNGU Joseph Kahindo BUGABANDA Notilla Nabintu KARANI Jean-Paul Ntakobajira RAEYMAEKERS Joost A. M. WALUMONA Jacques Riziki RUKAHUSA Ruffin Safari VANHOVE Maarten Pieterjan VOLCKAERT Filip A. M. NDEO Oscar Wembo VAN STEENBERGE Maarten Wouter

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Journal of Great Lakes Research
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2020.09.003
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2020.09.003
Keywords East African Great Lakes; Freshwater Fisheries; Human Dimensions; Stakeholder perceptions; Surveys; Sustainable fisheries
Description The fisheries of Lake Tanganyika play an important role in food security in Central and Eastern Africa. Conservation of these valuable fish stocks will benefit from documenting the ideas, opinions and observations of stakeholders. Knowledge of the perceptions and an understanding of the concerns and struggles of stakeholders of these fisheries can provide policy-makers with recommendations for more suitable fisheries management. We did 1018 interviews with stakeholders, in one close-ended and three semi-open ended surveys. Factor analysis revealed seven clusters of opinions. Linear-mixed effects models identified common grounds and differences in opinions between groups of stakeholders about strategies in fisheries management. Stakeholders of the fisheries indicated challenges due to weather or climate variability, a noticeable decrease in fish abundance and size, and an increase in the price of fish. Fishermen experienced a lack of safety on the lake, including aggression and dangerous weather conditions, and hardly had access to safety gear and infrastructure. Landing site officials, state employees who monitor the beaches, mentioned capture of juveniles and declining catch-rates as the biggest threats to the fisheries. None of the groups of stakeholders attributed the problems in the fisheries to overfishing or overpopulation. We found similarities in opinions over a wide range of stakeholder groups, with many stakeholders asking for better and fair enforcement of existing legislation. State employees were more positive than the other groups towards creating more strict regulation of the fisheries. The results presented offer focuspoints for policy-makers to improve the management of the Lake Tanganyika pelagic fisheries.
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